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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Observation Of Very High Energy Cosmic-ray Families In Emulsion Chambers At High Mountain Altitudes (i)
Author: Baradzei L.T.
Borisov A.S.
Cherdyntseva K.V.
Guseva Z.M.
Denisova V.G.
Dobrotin N.A.
Dunaevsky A.M.
Kanevskaya E.A.
Karpova S.A.
Maximenko V.M.
Nam R.A.
Puchkov V.S.
Slavatinsky S.A.
Smirnova M.D.
Smorodin Yu.A.
Uryson A.V.
Zelevinskaya N.G.
Zimin M.V.
Zhdanov G.B.
Mikhailova I.A.
Mukhamedshin R.A.
Doroshenko O.E.
Nikolaeva L.P.
Sukhov L.V.
Zatsepin G.T.
Amineva T.P.
Fedorova G.F.
Ivanenko I.P.
Iljina N.P.
Kopenkin V.V.
Managadze A.K.
Popova E.G.
Rakobolskaya I.V.
Roganova T.M.
Strogova O.P.
Sveshnikova L.G.
Chadranyan L.Kh.
Khisanishvili L.A.
Roinishvili N.N.
Svanidze M.S.
Azimov Z.A.
Bobodjanov I.B.
Gubar N.E.
Gulov Yu.A.
Normuradov F.
Khalilov D.A.
Myrtojieva Sh.
Mullajanov E.G.
Nosov A.N.
Nuritdinov Kh.
Yuldashbaev T.S.
Emelyanov Yu.A.
Bielawska H.
Malinowski J.
Maciaszczyk J.
Krys A.
Pluta M.
Tomaszewski A.
Wlodarczyk Z.
Chinellato J.A.
Dobrigkeit C.
Bellandi Filho J.
Fauth A.C.
Lattes C.M.G.
Menon M.J.
Navia O C.E.
Sawayanagi K.
Shibuya E.H.
Turtelli Jr. A.
Amato N.M.
Arata N.
Castro F.M.O.
Maldonado R.H.C.
Aoki H.
Fujimoto Y.
Funayama Y.
Hasegawa S.
Kumano H.
Semba H.
Tamada M.
Yamashita S.
Shibata T.
Yokoi K.
Ohsawa A.
Abstract: Characteristics of cosmic-ray hadronic interactions in the 1015 - 1017 eV range are studied by observing a total of 429 cosmic-ray families of visible energy greater than 100 TeV found in emulsion chamber experiments at high mountain altitudes, Chacaltaya (5200 m above sea level) and the Pamirs (4300 m above sea level). Extensive comparisons were made with simulated families based on models so far proposed, concentrating on the relation between the observed family flux and the behaviour of high-energy showers in the families, hadronic and electromagnetic components. It is concluded that there must be global change in characteristics of hadronic interactions at around 1016 eV deviating from thise known in the accelerator energy range, specially in the forwardmost angular region of the collision. A detailed study of a new shower phenomenon of small-pT particle emissions, pT being of the order of 10 MeV/c, is carried out and its relation to the origin of huge "halo" phenomena associated with extremely high energy families is discussed as one of the possibilities. General characteristics of such super-families are surveyed. © 1992.
Citation: Nuclear Physics, Section B. , v. 370, n. 2, p. 365 - 431, 1992.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(92)90291-I
Date Issue: 1992
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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