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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Night and day service: Distyly and mixed pollination system in Faramea cyanea (Rubiaceae)
Author: Maruyama, PK
Amorim, FW
Oliveira, PE
Abstract: Currently, pollination is seen as involving more generalist interactions than specialized ones. Supporting this trend, some nocturnal distylous flowers may also receive floral visitors during the day, and since the latter contribute to fruit set, the pollination system is mixed and less specialized. Common among the Rubiaceae, distyly has been regarded as a reproductive strategy which requires a precise and specialized pollination system, and in this important tropical family, environmental disturbance and pollination failure have been used to explain anomalies in distylous features. Faramea cyanea Mull. Arg. is a common tree species in forest formations in the increasingly threatened Cerrado biome, the Neotropical savannas in Central Brazil. We evaluated the floral morphology, pollination biology and breeding system of a population of F. cyanea. Despite their moth pollination features, flowers were visited by diurnal (bees) as well as nocturnal (moths) pollinators. Experimental results showed that both pollinator groups contributed equally to pollen flow and legitimate pollination. The population presented distyly, isoplethy and heteromorphic self-incompatibility. Although F. cyanea did not present exact reciprocal herkogamy between floral morphs, pollination and reproductive success were not impaired. Floral features, which allowed pollination by complementary groups of pollinators, may explain the absence of anomalies in the isoplethy and distylous features in the studied population, anomalies which have been observed in other sympatric distylous Rubiaceae. (C) 2010 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Subject: Bee pollination
Faramea hyacinthina
Moth pollination
Country: Alemanha
Editor: Elsevier Gmbh, Urban & Fischer Verlag
Citation: Flora. Elsevier Gmbh, Urban & Fischer Verlag, v. 205, n. 12, n. 818, n. 824, 2010.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.flora.2010.01.004
Date Issue: 2010
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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