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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Porous alginate-Ca2+ hydrogels interpenetrated with PNIPAAm networks: Interrelationship between compressive stress and pore morphology
Author: de Moura, MR
Guilherme, MR
Campese, GM
Radovanovic, E
Rubira, AF
Muniz, EC
Abstract: Thermo-sensitive porous hydrogels composed of interpenetrated networks (IPN) of alginate-Ca2+ and PNIPAAm have been obtained. The hydrogels were prepared by cross-linking alginate-Na+ with Ca2+ ions inside PNIPAAm networks. Compressive tests and scanning electron microscopy were used to evaluate gel strength and pore morphology, respectively. IPN hydrogels displayed two distinct pore morphologies under thermal stimuli. Below 3035 degrees C, the LCST of PNIPAAm in water, IPN hydrogels were highly porous. The pore size of hydrogel heated above LCST became progressively smaller. Alginate-Ca2+ and PNIPAAm hydrogels, used as references, did not present such behaviour, indicating that the porous effect is due to IPN hydrogel. It was verified that higher strength is achieved when the hydrogel presents small pore size and the temperature is increased. It is suggested that at temperatures above LCST, the PNIPAAm chains shrink and pull the alginate-Ca2+ networks back. During shrinking, the polymer chains occupy the open spaces (pores from which water is expelled), and therefore, the hydrogel becomes less deformable when subjected to compressive stress. The results presented in this work indicate that the mechanical properties as well as the pore morphologies of these IPN hydrogels can be tailored by thermal stimulus. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: alginate-PNIPAAm
porous hydrogels
interpenetrating polymer networks
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd
Citation: European Polymer Journal. Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd, v. 41, n. 12, n. 2845, n. 2852, 2005.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2005.06.007
Date Issue: 2005
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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