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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Re-assessment of the renal hydrosaline dysfunction in rats bearing the Walker-256 tumor
Author: Rettori, O
Vieira-Matos, AN
Gontijo, JAR
Abstract: Sodium retention is a frequent effect of cancer in humans and animals, but the mechanism involved is not yet understood. In the Walker-256 tumor, sodium retention has been considered to be a late effect, secondary to retention in the tumor mass, and/or to adrenal hypertrophy. Normally, tin rats receiving single tumor implants), the development of different tumor systemic effects (TSE) such as anorexia, sodium and fluid retention, anemia and immune depression in rats is synchronous within each individual but random among individuals of a given group in which they appear 6-47 days, or more, after inoculation. In present study, multifocal simultaneous inoculations of tumor cells resulted in a rapid and synchronous initiation of TSE tin 3-4 days) in all rats when no local effects of metastases could mask the results. Sodium retention is a special tumor effect on Na+ balance and a very sensitive indicator of TSE initiation. The results from multifocally inoculated rats were averaged in each (sub-clinical (SubC), moderate (mCP) and grave (gCP)) clinical phase and compared to food-restricted (FR) rats. There was a significant, early decrease in urinary Na+ excretion during mCP when compared to SubC and FR. The renal sites involved were studied in awake, unrestrained animals by measuring of sodium, creatinine and lithium clearances. There was an initial increase in the absolute proximal (mCP: 21.4+/-1.7 vs FR: 16.0+/-1.1 mmol/min/100g b.w., p< 0.05) and post-proximal (mCP: 11.1+/-0.4 vs FR: 6.6+/-0.4 mmol/min/100 g b.w., p < 0.001) Na+ reabsorption, which were partially compensated for by a rise in glomerular filtration rate (mCP: 213 +/- 11.4 vs FR: 162 +/- 10.2 muL/ min/100 g b.w., p< 0.01) and by a fall in fractional proximal Na+ reabsorption (mCP: 62.8 +/- 2.2% vs FR: 70.1 +/- 1.7%, g < 0.05), despite significant Na+ and fluid retention. The terminal phase of the illness (gCP) culminated with a marked decrease in creatinine clearance, suggesting a significant fall in renal function. The multifocal model proved useful for studying the initial TSE, since the sites of action would, in principle, be easy to identify. These observations may be of physiological interest since TSE may result from the abnormal production of physiological modulators.
Subject: Walker-256 tumor
urinary sodium excretion
tumor systemic effects
multifocal tumor inoculation
Country: EUA
Editor: Marcel Dekker Inc
Citation: Renal Failure. Marcel Dekker Inc, v. 22, n. 6, n. 769, n. 784, 2000.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1081/JDI-100101963
Date Issue: 2000
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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