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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Advanced oxidation of caffeine in water: On-line and real-time monitoring by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry|
|Abstract:||High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), ultraviolet spectroscopy (UV), and total organic carbon (TOC) analyses show that caffeine is quickly and completely degraded under the oxidative conditions of the UV/H2O2,TiO2/UV, and Fenton systems but that the organic carbon content of the solution decreases much more slowly. Continuous on-line and real-time monitoring by electrospray ionization mass (ESI-MS) and tandem mass spectrometric experiments (ESI-MS/MS) as well as high accuracy MS measurements and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis show that caffeine is first oxidized to N-dimethylparabanic acid likely via initial OH insertion to the C4=C8 caffeine double bond. A second degradation intermediate, di(N-hidroxymethyl)parabanic acid, has been identified by ESI-MS and characterized by ESI-MS/MS and high accuracy mass measurements. This polar and likely relatively unstable compound, which is not detected by offline GC-MS analysis, is likely formed via further oxidation of N-dimethylparabanic acid at both of its N-methyl groups and constitutes an unprecedented intermediate in the degradation of caffeine.|
|Editor:||Amer Chemical Soc|
|Citation:||Environmental Science & Technology. Amer Chemical Soc, v. 39, n. 16, n. 5982, n. 5988, 2005.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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