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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: A low-protein diet during pregnancy alters glucose metabolism and insulin secretion
Author: Souza, DDI
Ignacio-Souza, LM
Reis, SRD
Reis, MAD
Stoppiglia, LF
Carneiro, EM
Boschero, AC
Arantes, VC
Latorraca, MQ
Abstract: In pancreatic islets, glucose metabolism is a key process for insulin secretion, and pregnancy requires an increase in insulin secretion to compensate for the typical insulin resistance at the end of this period. Because a low-protein diet decreases insulin secretion, this type of diet could impair glucose homeostasis, leading to gestational diabetes. In pancreatic islets, we investigated GLUT2, glucokinase and hexokinase expression patterns as well as glucose uptake, utilization and oxidation rates. Adult control non-pregnant (CNP) and control pregnant (CP) rats were fed a normal protein diet (17%), whereas low-protein non-pregnant (LPNP) and low-protein pregnant (LPP) rats were fed a low-protein diet (6%) from days 1 to 15 of pregnancy. The insulin secretion in 2.8?mmol l-1 of glucose was higher in islets from LPP rats than that in islets from CP, CNP and LPNP rats. Maximal insulin release was obtained at 8.3 and 16.7?mmol l-1 of glucose in LPP and CP groups, respectively. The glucose doseresponse curve from LPNP group was shifted to the right in relation to the CNP group. In the CP group, the concentrationresponse curve to glucose was shifted to the left compared with the CNP group. The LPP groups exhibited an inverted U-shape doseresponse curve. The alterations in the GLUT2, glucokinase and hexokinase expression patterns neither impaired glucose metabolism nor correlated with glucose islet sensitivity, suggesting that beta-cell sensitivity to glucose requires secondary events other than the observed metabolic/molecular events. Copyright (c) 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Subject: low-protein diet
glucose metabolism
pancreatic islets
insulin secretion
Country: EUA
Editor: Wiley-blackwell
Citation: Cell Biochemistry And Function. Wiley-blackwell, v. 30, n. 2, n. 114, n. 121, 2012.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1002/cbf.1824
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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