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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Use of Chitosan Membrane Associated With Polypropylene Mesh to Prevent Peritoneal Adhesion in Rats
Author: Paulo, NM
Silva, MSDE
Moraes, AM
Rodrigues, AP
de Menezes, LB
Miguel, MP
de Lima, FG
Faria, AD
Lima, LML
Abstract: The correction of wall abdominal defects often requires the use of implants such as polypropylene meshes. In spite of presenting good tissue acceptance, these biomaterials can migrate to adjacent viscera, promote enterocutaneos fistulas, tissue adherence and visceral erosions. In this work, the barrier effect of chitosan films associated with polypropylene meshes on adhesion formation experimentally induced in Wistar rats was evaluated. The animals were divided into two groups with 10 animals each. Animals in the CPP group were implanted with chitosan films associated with polypropylene meshes, whereas the ones in the PP group received only polypropylene meshes. After 8 days, the animals were submitted to euthanasia using CO(2) and a descriptive study focusing adhesion formation, visceral involvement with sutures and mesh peritonization was performed. Also, subimplanted material was collected for histopathology analysis. The results showed that the CPP group presented weak adhesions to the omentum over the stitch knots in eight animals. In all animals, the meshes were peritonized, not allowing their visualization after removing the chitosan films. In the PP group, six animals presented intestinal adhesions to the meshes and, in one of them, hepatic adhesion to the mesh was observed, besides omentum adhesion on more than 50% of the mesh area. The protective effect of chitosan films when sutured over polypropylene meshes, as well as no exacerbation of inflammation associated to the peritoneal lesions was statistically demonstrated. Therefore, chitosan films can indeed minimize the formation of peritoneal adhesions induced by polypropylene meshes in rats. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater 91B: 221-227, 2009
Subject: adhesion
polypropylene mesh
Country: EUA
Editor: Wiley-liss
Citation: Journal Of Biomedical Materials Research Part B-applied Biomaterials. Wiley-liss, v. 91B, n. 1, n. 221, n. 227, 2009.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1002/jbm.b.31393
Date Issue: 2009
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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