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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Solar flares not producing sudden phase advances
Author: Kaufmann, P
Piazza, LR
Fernandez, JH
da Silva, MR
Abstract: We present a study of solar flares that do not produce disturbances in the low terrestrial ionosphere, detectable in very low frequency (VLF) low ionosphere propagation as sudden phase advances (SPA). We selected only flares with larger optical H-alpha importance (equal or larger than 1), occurred near the cycle 22 solar maximum (19871989), at times when VLF data were available for long-distance propagation paths entirely illuminated by the Sun. For the 463 optical solar flares selected, we found that 18.8% had no measurable effects on the lower ionosphere. Inversely, all measured SPAs did have a solar counterpart, optical (such a subflare) and/or X-ray fluxes. Among the H-alpha flares that do not produce measurable disturbances in the low terrestrial ionosphere, there is a surprising selection for events occurred at the solar limbs. On the other hand, the X-ray flux for the H-alpha flares selected, obtained from GOES for the bands 0.5-4 Angstrom and 1-8 Angstrom exhibited a rather scattered correlation with the SPAs amplitudes. GOES X-rays fluxes for H-alpha flares not producing SPAs extend over 2-3 orders of magnitude. These results may suggest real physical distinctions between events. Possible explanations suggest the existence of a directional trend for the soft X-ray produced in flares possibly combined with the blockage of ionizing X rays behind the solar limbs.
Subject: solar flare effects
sudden ionospheric disturbances
VLF anomalies
flare soft X rays
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Geophysical Union
Citation: Journal Of Geophysical Research-space Physics. Amer Geophysical Union, v. 107, n. A8, 2002.
Rights: embargo
Identifier DOI: 10.1029/2001JA000292
Date Issue: 2002
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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