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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Search for gamma-ray bursts at photon energies E>=10 GeV and E>=80 TeV
Author: Aglietta, M
Alessandro, B
Antonioli, P
Arneodo, F
Bergamasco, L
Bertaina, M
Castellina, A
Castagnoli, C
Chiavassa, A
Castagnoli, GC
Piazzoli, BD
DiSciascio, G
Fulgione, W
Galeotti, P
Ghia, PL
Granella, R
Iacovacci, M
Mannocchi, G
Melagrana, C
Silva, NM
Morello, C
Navarra, G
Riccati, L
Saavedra, O
Trinchero, GC
Vallania, P
Vernetto, S
Vigorito, C
Abstract: The EAS-TOP extensive air shower array has been operating since 1992 in the search for gamma-ray bursts at primary energies E(1) greater than or equal to 10 GeV and E(2) greater than or equal to 80 TeV. The study is performed by searching for short transients in the cosmic-ray intensity in the single particle (E(1)) and extensive air shower (E(2)) counting rates at mountain altitude (2005 m above sea level). We discuss the method and the results obtained both in sky survey and in correlation with BATSE events. In both energy ranges, the observed fluctuations in the event rate obtained in the sky survey during similar to 800 days of live time are compatible with the statistical fluctuations of the cosmic-ray background. A single candidate of time duration Delta t similar to 2 s and energy fluence F(10 < E < 100 GeV) = 1.7 x 10(-4)/(cos theta)(10.5) ergs cm(-2) (where theta is the unknown zenith angle) has been observed on 1992 July 15 at 13:22:26 UT in the energy range E(1) greater than or equal to 10 GeV with significance 10.6 and 20.1 sigma in two measurement channels. In the analysis made in correlation with similar to 50 events detected by BATSE, no burst candidate was found in time coincidence or in the 2 hr interval, around the BATSE detection time. The following ranges of upper limits F-max to the energy fluence in the time interval Delta t(90) in which BATSE detected 90% of the counts are obtained: F-max = 2.3 x 10(-5)-7.4 x 10(-3) ergs cm(-2) (10 < E < 100 GeV) F-max = 1.6 x 10(-6)-3.3 x 10(-5) ergs cm(-2) (100 < E < 1000 TeV).
Subject: gamma rays, bursts
Editor: Univ Chicago Press
Citation: Astrophysical Journal. Univ Chicago Press, v. 469, n. 1, n. 305, n. 310, 1996.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1086/177779
Date Issue: 1996
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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