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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: IgG avidity in differential serodiagnosis of human strongyloidiasis active infection
Author: Gonzaga, HT
Ribeiro, VS
Feliciano, ND
Manhani, MN
Silva, DAO
Ueta, MT
Costa-Cruz, JM
Abstract: IgG avidity assays have been developed for several parasitic diseases although there are no researches focused in strongyloidiasis diagnosis. Definitive diagnosis of strongyloidiasis is based on the presence of Strongyloides larvae in stool, but majority of cases involve low and irregular larval output. While limitations of serological assays for strongyloidiasis are well known, characteristics of persons who are misdiagnosed based on negative coproparasitological tests have been little explored. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of IgG avidity to detect patients with active strongyloidiasis and to characterize sources of disagreement between serology and coproparasitology. A total of 80 serum samples was analyzed, 40 from patients with Strongyloides larvae in stool (G1) and 40 from individuals with negative coproparasitology, but positive serology (G2). Serum samples were analyzed in an indirect IgG avidity ELISA using urea 6M in serial double dilutions from 1:80 to 1:2560. Avidity index (AI) was calculated to each serum dilution and analyzed as screening AI (serum dilution of 1:160) or mean AI of different serum dilutions that had a positive result. Statistical analyzes were performed by Mann-Whitney's (U) and Fisher's exact tests. At screening dilution, median of AI was 68% in G1 and 88% in G2 (P < 0.0001), whereas median of mean AI in G1 was 72% and in G2 94% (P < 0.0001), but there was no significant differences between both AI in each patient group. A cut off value established at AI of 75% demonstrated a significant difference between groups, with Cl sera showing AI <75% and G2 sera with AI > 75% (P < 0.0001). In conclusion, IgG avidity assays may distinguish active infection with Strongyloides stercoralis from suspect or serologically false positive cases. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: IgG avidity ELISA
Strongyloides stercoralis
Strongyloides venezuelensis
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Citation: Immunology Letters. Elsevier Science Bv, v. 139, n. 41671, n. 87, n. 92, 2011.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.imlet.2011.05.006
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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