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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Gaseous supramolecules of imidazolium ionic liquids: "Magic" numbers and intrinsic strengths of hydrogen bonds
Author: Gozzo, FC
Santos, LS
Augusti, R
Consorti, CS
Dupont, J
Eberlin, MN
Abstract: Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) is found to gently and efficiently transfer small to large as well as singly to multiply charged [X+](n)[A(-)](m) supramolecules of imidazolium ion (XI) ionic liquids to the gas phase, and to reveal "magic numbers" for their most favored assemblies. Tandem mass spectrometric experiments (ESI-MS/MS) were then used to dissociate, via low-energy collision activation, mixed and loosely bonded [A-----X-----A'](-) and [X-----A-----X'](+) gaseous supramolecules, as well as their higher homologues, and to estimate and order via Cooks' kinetic method (CKM) and B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) calculations the intrinsic solvent-free magnitude of hydrogen bonds. For the five anions studied, the relative order of intrinsic hydrogen-bond strengths to the 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium ion [X-1](+) is: CF3CO2- (zero) > BF4- (-3.1) > PF6- (-10.0) > InCl4- (-16.4) and BPh4- (-17.6 kcal mol(-1)). The relative hydrogen-bond strength for InCl4- was measured via CKM whereas those for the other anions were calculated and used as CKM references. A good correlation coefficient (R=0.998) between fragment ion ratios and calculated hydrogen-bond strengths and an effective temperature (T-eff) of 430 K demonstrate the CKM reliability for measuring hydrogen-bond strengths in gaseous ionic liquid supramolecules. Using CKM and T-eff of 430 K, the intrinsic hydrogen-bond strengths of BF4- for the three cations investigated is: 1-n-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium ion (0) > 1,3-di-[(R)-3-methyl-2-butyl]-imidazolium ion (-2.4) > 1,3-di-[(R)-alpha-methyl-benzyl]-imidazolium ion (-3.0 kcal mol(-1)). As evidenced by "magic" numbers, greater stabilities are found for the [(X-1)(2)(BF4)(3)](-) and [(X-1)(5)A(4)](+) supramolecules (A not equal InCl4-).
Subject: hydrogen bonds
ionic liquids
kinetic method
mass spectrometry
supramolecular chemistry
Country: Alemanha
Editor: Wiley-v C H Verlag Gmbh
Citation: Chemistry-a European Journal. Wiley-v C H Verlag Gmbh, v. 10, n. 23, n. 6187, n. 6193, 2004.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1002/chem.200305742
Date Issue: 2004
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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