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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Gas phase chemistry of the 2-tert-butyl-3-phenylphosphirenylium cation: novel onium ions by nucleophilic attack at phosphorus and de novo P-spiro bicyclic phosphonium ions via [4+2(+)] cycloaddition with dienes
Author: Sabino, AA
Eberlin, MN
Moraes, LAB
Laali, KK
Abstract: The 2-tert-butyl-3-phenylphosphirenylium ion 13 is formed in abundance in the gas phase from 1-chloro-1H-phosphirene 6 upon 70 eV electron ionization. Collision-induced dissociation (CID) and ion molecule reactions followed by CID of the product ions were performed via pentaquadrupole mass spectrometry to probe the structure and reactivity of 13 towards representative nucleophiles and dienes. Under CID conditions, 13 produces a variety of fragment ions mainly via dissociation processes that are preceded by isomerizations. In ion-molecule reactions, 13 reacts-readily with ethers, sulfides, pyridine and aniline to form hitherto unknown oxonium, sulfonium and azonium ions via nucleophilic attack at phosphorus. With butadiene, isoprene, 1-acetoxybutadiene, and with Danishefsky's diene (1-methoxy-3-silyloxybuta-1,3-diene), 13 undergoes [4 + 2(+)] cycloaddition at phosphorus to generate novel P-spiro bicyclic phosphonium ions. With butadiene and isoprene, a second [4 + 2] cycloaddition occurs which generates P-spiro tricyclic phosphonium ions. Whereas 13 also reacts readily with 1-acetoxybutadiene via [4 + 2(+)] cycloaddition, most of the nascent P-spiro cycloadducts are unstable and dissociate by the loss of either a neutral ketene or acetic acid molecule. 133LYP/6-31 G(d,p) calculations were performed to gain insight into the structures of the product ions. The present study constitutes the first successful attempt to unravel the chemistry of 13, a unique 2pi-Huckel phosphirenylium ion for which no direct solution chemical reactivity data are as yet available. The present findings also create a parallel with the solution reactivity of 1-halo-1H-phosphirenes and 1-triflato-1H-phosphirenes as precursors to phosphirenylium ions.
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Royal Soc Chemistry
Citation: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry. Royal Soc Chemistry, v. 1, n. 2, n. 395, n. 400, 2003.
Rights: embargo
Identifier DOI: 10.1039/b209696j
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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