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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Neurosyphilis in HIV-infected patients: Clinical manifestations, serum venereal disease research laboratory titers, and associated factors to symptomatic neurosyphilis|
VIDAL, Jose E.
OLIVEIRA, Augusto C. Penalva De
HERNANDEZ, Adrian V.
|Abstract:||Goal: To describe clinical and laboratory features of human immunodeficiency infection (HIV)-infected patients with neurosyphilis. Study Design: Retrospective study of 27 consecutive cases of HIV-infected patients with a positive Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Results: Median of age was 36 years and 89% were men. Ten (37%) patients had previous nonneurologic syphilis treatment. At the time of neurosyphilis diagnosis, 10 (37%) patients had early syphilis, and 6 of them were neurologically asymptomatic. Nine (33%) patients had symptomatic neurosyphilis. Twenty-six (96%) patients were classified with early neurosyphilis. The medians of serum VDRL and CD4(+) T cell counts were 1:128 and 182 cell/mu L, respectively. Twenty five (93%) patients presented serum VDRL titers >= 1:16. Five of 6 patients with early syphilis and asymptomatic neurosyphilis, presented serum VDRL >= 1:16. Symptomatic patients showed lower CD4(+) T cell counts (59 cell/mu L vs. 208 cell/mu L, P = 0.03) and higher protein concentration on CSF (118 mg/dL vs. 39 mg/dL, P <0.001) than asymptomatic patients. Conclusions: Most patients had early and asymptomatic neurosyphilis, and more than one third had early syphilis. Patients with symptomatic neurosyphilis showed lower CD4(+) T cell counts and higher protein concentration on CSF than those asymptomatic. Most patients had serum VDRL titers >= 1:16, regardless of syphilis stage.|
|Editor:||LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS|
|Citation:||SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES, v.35, n.5, p.425-429, 2008|
|Appears in Collections:||HC - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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