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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Diversity, disturbance, and sustainable use of Neotropical forests: insects as indicators for conservation monitoring
Author: Brown, KS
Abstract: Sustainable use of tropical forest systems requires continuous monitoring of biological diversity and ecosystem functions. This can be efficiently done with 'early warning' (short-cycle) indicator groups of non-economical insects, whose population levels and resources are readily measured. Twenty-one groups of insects are evaluated as focal indicator taxa for rapid assessment of changes in Neotropical forest systems. Composite environmental indices for heterogeneity, richness, and natural disturbance are correlated positively with butterfly diversity in 56 Neotropical sites studied over many years. Various components of alpha, beta and gamma-diversity show typical responses to increased disturbance and different land-use regimes. Diversity often increases with disturbance near or below natural levels, but some sensitive species and genes are eliminated at very low levels of interference. Agricultural and silvicultural mosaics with over 30% conversion, including selective logging of three or more large trees per hectare, show shifts in species composition with irreversible loss of many components of the butterfly community, indicating non-sustainable land and resource use and reduction of future options. Monitoring of several insect indicator groups by local residents in a species-rich Brazilian Amazon extractive reserve has helped suggest guidelines for ecologically, economically, and socially sustainable zoning and use regimes.
Subject: conservation monitoring
insect indicators
Neotropical forests
disturbance and biodiversity
Country: Holanda
Editor: Springer
Citation: Journal Of Insect Conservation. Springer, v. 1, n. 1, n. 25, n. 42, 1997.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1023/A:1018422807610
Date Issue: 1997
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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