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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Isolation, biodegradation ability and molecular detection of hydrocarbon degrading bacteria in petroleum samples from a Brazilian offshore basin
Author: de Vasconcellos, SP
Crespim, E
da Cruz, GF
Senatore, DB
Simioni, KCM
Neto, EVD
Marsaioli, AJ
de Oliveira, VM
Abstract: The detection of microorganisms with potential for biodeterioration and biodegradation in petroleum fields is of great relevance, since these organisms may be related to a decrease in petroleum quality in the reservoirs or damage in the production facilities. In this sense, petroleum formation water and oil samples were collected from the Campos Basin, Brazil, with the aim of isolating microorganisms and evaluating their ability to degrade distinct classes of hydrocarbon biomarkers (9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, phytane, nonadecanoic acid and 5 alpha-cholestane). Twenty eight bacterial isolates were recovered and identified by sequencing their 16S rRNA genes. Biodegradation assays revealed that bacterial metabolism of hydrocarbons occurred through reactions based on oxidation, carbon-carbon bond cleavage and generation of new bonds or by the physical incorporation of hydrocarbons into microbial cell walls. Based on the biodegradation results, selective PCR-based systems were developed for direct detection in petroleum samples of bacterial groups of interest, namely Bacillus spp., Micrococcus spp., Achromobacter xylosoxidans, Dietzia spp. and Bacillus pumilus. Primer sets targeting 16S rRNA genes were designed and their specificity was confirmed in silico (i.e. computational analysis) and in PCR reactions using DNA from reference strains as positive and negative controls. Total DNA from oil was purified and the amplification tests revealed the presence of the target bacteria in the samples, unraveling a significant potential for petroleum deterioration in the reservoirs sampled, once proper conditions are present for hydrocarbon degradation. The application of molecular methods for rapid detection of specific microorganisms in environmental samples would be valuable as a supporting tool for the evaluation of oil quality in production reservoirs. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd
Citation: Organic Geochemistry. Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd, v. 40, n. 5, n. 574, n. 588, 2009.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2009.02.006
Date Issue: 2009
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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