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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Interaction between breeding habitat and elevation affects prevalence but not infection intensity of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Brazilian anuran assemblages
Author: Grundler, MC
Toledo, LF
Parra-Olea, G
Haddad, CFB
Giasson, LOM
Sawaya, RJ
Prado, CPA
Araujo, OGS
Zara, FJ
Centeno, FC
Zamudio, KR
Abstract: Chytridiomycosis, an infectious disease of amphibians, is caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and has been linked to declining amphibian populations worldwide. The susceptibility of amphibians to chytridiomycosis-induced population declines is potentially influenced by many factors, including environmental characteristics, differences among host species and the growth of the pathogen itself. We investigated the effects of elevation and breeding habitat on Bd prevalence and individual infection intensity (zoospore loads) in 3 anuran assemblages of the Atlantic Coastal Forest of Brazil. Bd infection intensity was strongly influenced by elevation and breeding habitat, but we found no evidence of an interaction between those 2 variables in explaining the number of zoospores sampled from individual frogs. In contrast, Bd infection odds were predicted by elevation and by an interaction between elevation and breeding habitat, such that frogs had a higher probability of Bd infection in lotic habitats at low elevations. Our results indicate that Bd persists across a wide variety of habitats and elevations in the Atlantic Coastal Forest. Prevalence and infection intensity of Bd are highest at high elevations where overall environmental conditions for Bd are most favorable. In addition, at low elevations amphibian host habitat choice is also an important determinant of infection. Our study highlights the need to investigate interacting variables of host ecology and the environment simultaneously.
Subject: Frog
Atlantic Coastal Forest
Country: Alemanha
Editor: Inter-research
Citation: Diseases Of Aquatic Organisms. Inter-research, v. 97, n. 3, n. 173, n. 184, 2012.
Rights: embargo
Identifier DOI: 10.3354/dao02413
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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