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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Phenolic antioxidants identifled by ESI-MS from yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) and green tea (Camelia sinensis) extracts
Author: Bastos, DHM
Saldanha, LA
Catharino, RR
Sawaya, ACHF
Cunha, IBS
Carvalho, PO
Eberlin, MN
Abstract: Aqueous extracts of green yerba mate (flex paraguariensis) and green tea (Camellia sinensis) are good sources of phenolic antioxidants, as already described in the literature. The subject of this study were organic extracts from yerba mate, both green and roasted, and from green tea. Their phenolic profiles were characterized by direct infusion electrospray insertion mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and their free radical scavenging activity was determined by the DPPH assay. Organic extracts containing phenolic antioxidants might be used as natural antioxidants by the food industry, replacing the synthetic phenolic additives used nowadays. Ethanolic and aqueous extracts from green yerba mate, roasted yerba mate and green tea showed excellent DPPH scavenging activity (> 89%). The ether extracts from green and roasted yerba mate displayed a weak scavenging activity, different from the behavior observed for the green tea ether extract. The main phenolic compounds identified in green yerba mate water and ethanolic extracts were: caffeic acid, quinic acid, caffeoyl glucose, caffeoylquinic acid, feruloylquinic acid, dicaffeoylquinic acid and rutin. After the roasting process two new compounds were formed: caffeoylshikimic acid and dicaffeoylshikimic acid. The ethanolic extracts from yerba mate, both roasted and green, with lower content of phenolic compounds (3.80 and 2.83 mg/mL) presented high antioxidant activity and even at very low phenolic concentrations, ether extract from GT (0.07 mg/mL) inhibited DPPH over 90%.
Subject: yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis)
green tea (Camellia sinensis)
phenolic compounds
natural antioxidant
free radical scavenging activity
Country: Suíça
Editor: Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Citation: Molecules. Molecular Diversity Preservation International, v. 12, n. 3, n. 423, n. 432, 2007.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.3390/12030423
Date Issue: 2007
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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