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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Pectin-Based Polymer Hydrogel as a Carrier for Release of Agricultural Nutrients and Removal of Heavy Metals from Wastewater
Author: Guilherme, MR
Reis, AV
Paulino, AT
Moia, TA
Mattoso, LHC
Tambourgi, EB
Abstract: A pectin-based hydrogel was used as a remover of Cu(2+) and Pb(2+) ions from water and wastewater and in the release of phosphate, potassium, and urea. The swelling studies in either aqueous or saline solutions were analyzed at different pressures, and the prediction of profile of water and solute transports was further analyzed on basis of transport process by diffusion in swellable polymer networks. The hydrogel composed of 0.10 g mL(-1) final polymer concentration showed an excellent absorption capacity for removal of Cu(2+) and Pb(2+) from the solution: 120 mg Cu(2+) and 130 mg Pb(2+) per g hydrogel, both at pH 5.5. The hydrogel help to conserve water in a pressure range in which a variety of horticultural plants can absorb it. The release process of urea, phosphate, and potassium from the hydrogels is controlled by non-Fickian mechanism with a tendency to macromolecular relaxation. This type of hydrogel is an interesting system for applications in which the efficient use of water is required and release of fertilizers for agriculture. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 117: 3146-3154, 2010
Subject: diffusion
drug delivery systems
kinetic (polym.)
Country: EUA
Editor: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Citation: Journal Of Applied Polymer Science. John Wiley & Sons Inc, v. 117, n. 6, n. 3146, n. 3154, 2010.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1002/app.32123
Date Issue: 2010
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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