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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Randomized assignment to copper IUD or depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate: feasibility of enrollment, continuation and disease ascertainment
Author: Feldblum, PJ
Caraway, J
Bahamondes, L
El-Shafei, M
Ha, DQ
Morales, E
Wevill, S
Condon, S
Abstract: Objectives: We conducted a feasibility study to enroll and follow family planning acceptors who were randomly assigned to use an intrauterine device (IUD) or injectable depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA). Methods: Centers in Brazil, Guatemala, Egypt and Vietnam aimed to enroll 100 participants per site. Enrolled women were randomly assigned to have inserted a TCu 380A IUD, or to receive injections of 150 mg of DMPA every 3 months, and scheduled for up to 12 months of follow-up. We tested for cervical infection at first and final visits, and examined for signs of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) at each visit. Results: The sites screened 555 women and enrolled 368. Two women (0.5%) had three discomfort signs of PID during follow-up. The prevalence of gonorrhea at each woman's final follow-up visit was 0.5%, and the prevalence of chlamydia at final visit was 5.4%. Sixty-eight percent of women either completed 12 months of observation with their assigned method or were still using their method at the end of the study. Conclusion: A larger, definitive clinical trial appears feasible. The majority of women we approached agreed to participate; nearly 400 women were enrolled; two thirds continued to use their assigned method until study closeout; and the STI risk was moderate. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Subject: pilot study
randomized controlled trial
copper IUD
depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate
pelvic inflammatory disease
Country: EUA
Editor: Elsevier Science Inc
Citation: Contraception. Elsevier Science Inc, v. 72, n. 3, n. 187, n. 191, 2005.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.contraception.2005.03.006
Date Issue: 2005
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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