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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: PSA-nadir at 1 year as a sound contemporary prognostic factor for low-dose-rate iodine-125 seeds brachytherapy
Author: Reis, LO
Sanches, BCF
Zani, EL
Castilho, LN
Monti, CR
Abstract: To identify predictors of outcomes in patients with localized prostate cancer treated with iodine-125 brachytherapy in a longitudinal uncontrolled study. Between 2000 and 2011, 560 histologically confirmed patients were treated with brachytherapy of whom 305 with a parts per thousand yen24-month follow-up and localized tumor were evaluated after exclusion of those locally advanced and under androgen ablation. Patients' mean age was 63.93 years (44-88), mean pretreatment prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was 6.34 ng/mL (0.67-33.09), overall median follow-up was 75.35 months (24-158.37), biochemical recurrence occurred in 17 patients (5.57 %), cancer-specific survival was 100 %, and overall survival was 98.03 %. At multivariate analyses, only PSA-nadir at 1 year and age were related to disease-free survival: To each unit of PSA-nadir, the risk increases 87.3 %-OR 1.87 (p < 0.001; 95 % CI 1.31-2.67), and risk was 4.7 times higher for those under 50 years (vs. > 70)-OR 4.69 (p = 0.04; 95 % CI 1.39-18.47). Best cutoff for PSA-nadir at one year was 0.285 (AUC = 0.78; p < 0.001; 95 % CI 0.68-0.89). Kaplan-Meier analysis confirmed PSA-nadir (p < 0.001) as prognostic, while D'Amico's classification failed (p = 0.24). No grade 3 or 4 complication was reported, and only 31.4 % of patients had grade 2 urinary or rectal toxicity. PSA bounce a parts per thousand yen0.4 ng/mL occurred in 18.4 % with no impact on biochemical recurrence. Half (50.49 %) of patients in the scenario of localized prostate cancer treated with iodine-125 brachytherapy reach PSA-nadir at 1 year < 0.285, recognized as a key independent prognostic factor. [Receiver Operating Characteristic curve analysis for PSA-nadir at 1 year].
Subject: Prognosis
Gleason score upgrading
Country: EUA
Editor: Springer
Citation: World Journal Of Urology. Springer, v. 32, n. 3, n. 753, n. 759, 2014.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s00345-013-1148-6
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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