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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Cyclization of acylium ions with nitriles: gas-phase synthesis and characterization of 1,3,5-oxadiazinium ions
Author: Meurer, EC
Moraes, LAB
Eberlin, MN
Abstract: Gas phase reactions of mass-selected acylium ions [CH3-C+=O (1), CH2=CH-C+=O (2), C6H5-C+=O (3), and (CH3)(2)N-C+=O (4)] with nitriles (CH3CN, C2H5CN, CH2=CHCN, and C6H5CN) were investigated using pentaquadrupole multiple-stage mass spectrometry. In analogy with the solution behavior, the ions were found to react readily with benzonitrile by cyclization via double nitrile addition to form aromatic 1,3,5-oxadiazinium ions. Cyclization with acetonitrile, propionitrile, and acrylonitrile is less general and occurs readily only for 4, by far the most reactive acylium ion tested. In "one-pot" reactions of 4 with two-component nitrile mixtures, cyclization via double nitrile addition occurs readily and forms both equally and differently 4,6-disubstituted isomeric 1,3,5-oxadiazinium ions. Using MS' experiments, the 1,3,5-oxadiazinium ions were mass-selected and then either reacted with nitrogen nucleophiles or dissociated by low-energy collisions with argon. The nucleophiles add readily to the ions, whereas the symmetry of the 1,3,5-oxadiazinium ring allows two competitive dissociation pathways: double retro-addition that re-forms the reactant acylium ion, or an analogous dissociation that, formally and combined with cyclization, promotes group exchange between one nitrile and the acylium ion: RCO+ + 2 (RCN)-C-1 --> cyclic 1,3,5-oxadiazinium ion --> (RCO+)-C-1 (RCN)-C-1 + RCN. Isomeric 4,6-disubstituted 1,3,5-oxadiazinium ions are easily distinguished because the nitrile added second is lost first via the double retro-addition dissociation. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V.
Subject: acylium ions
ion-molecule reactions
pentaquadrupole tandem mass spectrometry
cyclization reactions
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Citation: International Journal Of Mass Spectrometry. Elsevier Science Bv, v. 212, n. 41699, n. 445, n. 454, 2001.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/S1387-3806(01)00441-9
Date Issue: 2001
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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