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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Comparative toxicity of effluents processed by different treatments in V79 fibroblasts and the Algae Selenastrum capricornutum
Author: Melo, PS
Fabrin-Neto, JB
de Moraes, SG
Assalin, MR
Duran, N
Haun, M
Abstract: The efficacy of ozonation and of photocatalysis processing in the treatment of pulp mill ECF (elementary chlorine free) bleaching and textile effluents was evaluated by determining total organic carbon reduction (TOC) and the toxicity. The chronic toxicity of the effluents was evaluated by the ability to inhibit the growth of algae Selenastrum capricornutum. Cultured hamster V79 fibroblasts were used to assess the cytotoxicity of effluents submitted to different detoxification processes. Two endpoints were measured in V79 cells: 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl)-2,5-biphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) reduction and neutral red uptake (NRU). Both treatment processes were able to reduce the TOC, although ozonization was less effective for pulp mill ECF bleaching. The pulp mill ECF bleaching and textile effluents reduced the growth of S. capricornutum by 39% and 27%, respectively. However, at the highest concentration tested, the textile effluents treated by photochemical process for 60 min showed increased cytotoxicity in V79 cells compared to the untreated effluent when assessed by the NRU and MTT reduction assays (increases of 30% and 40%, respectively). Pulp mill ECF bleaching effluent treated by ozonization had a similar cytotoxicity to that of untreated effluent in the NRU assay. In contrast, the MTT reduction assay indicated that effluents treated with ozone were around 20% more cytotoxic than untreated effluents. These results show that cultured fibroblasts may be useful for studying cellular responses to pollutants and may be included in tests to monitor the efficiency of effluent detoxification processes. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: photocatalysis
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd
Citation: Chemosphere. Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd, v. 62, n. 8, n. 1207, n. 1213, 2006.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.01.081
Date Issue: 2006
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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