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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Blends of Soybean Biodiesel with Petrodiesel: Direct Quantitation via Mass Spectrometry
Author: Abdelnur, PV
Saraiva, SA
Catharino, RR
Coelho, M
Schwab, N
Garcia, CM
Schuchardt, U
de Souza, V
Eberlin, MN
Abstract: Quantitation and identification of blends of soybean biodiesel with petrodiesel were performed via mass spectrometry using two ionization techniques: electrospray ionization (ESI) and Venturi easy ambient sonic-spray ionization in its liquid mode (V-L-EASI). Different soybean biodiesel/petrodiesel blends (from B0 to B100) were diluted and then directly infused and analyzed by both techniques. To investigate adulteration of Bn blends, different soybean oil/biodiesel and soybean oil/petrodiesel blends were analyzed. Analytical curves were obtained in three replicates. The two techniques were shown to provide reasonably accurate quantitation in the B1-B20 range. These techniques were also successfully used to detect contamination or adulteration of Bn blends with vegetable oils. ESI is a widely used and commercially available technique whereas a V-L-EASI source can be easily mounted using common laboratory parts requiring no use of high voltages. Both techniques require no pre-separation or derivatization steps and offer, therefore, simple and fast methods for the quantitation of Bn blends. The comprehensive snapshots of the molecular composition also allow quality control and typification of the biodiesel and eventually of the vegetable oils in illegal admixtures.
Subject: mass spectrometry
electrospray ionization
Venturi easy ambient sonic-spray ionization
soybean biodiesel
Country: Brasil
Editor: Soc Brasileira Quimica
Citation: Journal Of The Brazilian Chemical Society. Soc Brasileira Quimica, v. 24, n. 6, n. 946, n. 952, 2013.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.5935/0103-5053.20130120
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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