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|Title:||P-mapa, a promisor immunomodulator against tumor cells of colonic tissues : an investigation of the action mechanism over the TLR4 signaling pathway|
|Author:||Rabelo Socca, Eduardo Augusto|
Reis, Sabrina Karen
Genaro, Sandra Cristina
Leite, Stephanie Kussik
Reis, Ianny Brum
Bockelmann, Petra Karla
Favaro, Wagner Jose
|Abstract:||Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a multifactorial syndrome that drives to uncontrollable cell division, genetic alterations, and functional alteration. In the present work, we evaluated the immunomodulatory properties of P-mapa, a compound extracted from Aspergillus oryzae fungus, versus Fluorouracil (5-FU) treatment in chemically induced CRC. CRC was induced by DMH in F344 rats. Animals of treated groups receive weekly 15 mg/Kg of 5-FU or 5 mg/Kg of P-mapa, over 10 weeks. Tissues were stained for aberrant crypt foci (ACF) counting and histopathology evaluation, immunostained for TLR4 pathways and quantified for TNF alpha Cytokine assay. DMH was efficient to induce hyperplastic lesions and ACF. Both treatments reduced significantly ACF formation and tumor aggressiveness. Immunohistochemistry for TLR4 signaling reveals that both treatments had no effect over the TLR4-NF kappa B signaling pathway. On the other hand, both succeed in increase interferon signaling, with activation of the TRIF-IRF3 pathway and consequently inducing IFN gamma synthesis. The present results show the immunomodulatory properties of P-mapa in chemically induced CRC model. P-mapa induced a significant increase in Type-I IFNs synthesis and subsequently immune cell recruitment, resulting in an increase of IFN gamma concentration in colorectal mucosa and its inhibitory effects over tumoral growth. In this scenario, P-mapa showed an interesting antitumoral effect by inhibiting tumor growth|
|Appears in Collections:||IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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