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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Ritualistic Use Of Ayahuasca Versus Street Use Of Similar Substances Seized By The Police: A Key Factor Involved In The Potential For Intoxications And Overdose?|
Rafael; de Aquino Calemi
Debora Bressanim; Togni
Loraine Rezende; Costa
Jose Luiz; Yonamine
Mauricio; Santos Cazenave
Silvia de Oliveira; Linardi
|Abstract:||The ritualistic use of ayahuasca is becoming a global phenomenon. This beverage contains a combination of monoamine oxidase inhibitors (harmine, harmaline, and tetrahydroharmine) and N,N-dimethyltryptamine, the main substance responsible for its visionary effect. The recreational use of similar alkaloids and N,N-dimethyltryptamine has increased in recent years, mainly because of their hallucinogenic effects. In the present study, the concentrations of psychoactive alkaloids in three powder samples seized by the Sao Paulo State Police and nine ayahuasca aqueous extracts were analyzed by HPLC-DAD in an attempt to distinguish between illicit drugs and the religious beverage. The alkaloids detected (mu g/mL) in the ayahuasca aqueous extracts were N,N-dimethyltryptamine (402-2070.3), harmaline (27.5-181.3), harmine (294.5-2893.8), and tetrahydroharmine (849.5-2052.5), whereas, of the three powder samples, one contained only N,N-dimethyltryptamine (82% and 2% w/w, respectively) while the other contained only harmaline (16%, w/w) and harmine (12%, w/w). The ritualistic use of ayahuasca involves oral intake and the probability of overdose is minimized by serotonergic stimulation of vagal pathways, leading to vomiting and diarrhea. In contrast, the recreational use of N,N-dimethyltryptamine involves consumption mainly by smoking or inhalation, both of which markedly increase its bioavailability and the potential for intoxications.|
|Editor:||ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD|
|Citation:||Ritualistic Use Of Ayahuasca Versus Street Use Of Similar Substances Seized By The Police: A Key Factor Involved In The Potential For Intoxications And Overdose?. Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd, v. 47, p. 132-139 Mar-2015.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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