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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Effect Of Toothpaste Application Prior To Dental Bleaching On Whitening Effectiveness And Enamel Properties
Author: Vieira-Junior
W. F.; Lima
D. A. N. L.; Tabchoury
C. P. M.; Ambrosano
G. M. B.; Aguiar
F. H. B.; Lovadino
J. R.
Abstract: Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects on the enamel properties and effectiveness of bleaching using 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP) when applying toothpastes with different active agents prior to dental bleaching. Methods: Seventy enamel blocks (43432 mm) were submitted to in vitro treatment protocols in a tooth-brushing machine (n=10): with distilled water and exposure to placebo gel (negative control [NC]) or HP bleaching (positive control [PC]); and brushing with differing toothpastes prior to HP bleaching, including potassium nitrate toothpaste (PN) containing NaF, conventional sodium monofluorophosphate toothpaste (FT), arginine-based toothpastes (PA and SAN), or a toothpaste containing bioactive glass (NM). Color changes were determined using the CIE L*a*b* system (Delta E, Delta L, Delta a, and Delta b), and a roughness (Ra) analysis was performed before and after treatments. Surface microhardness (SMH) and cross-sectional microhardness (CSMH) were analyzed after treatment. Data were analyzed with repeated measures ANOVA for Ra, one-way ANOVA (SMH, Delta E, Delta L, Delta a, and Delta b), split-plot ANOVA (CSMH), and Tukey post hoc test (alpha < 0.05). The relationship between the physical surface properties and color properties was evaluated using a multivariate Canonical correlation analysis. Results: Color changes were statistically similar in the bleached groups. After treatments, SMH and CSMH decreased in PC. SMH increased significantly in the toothpaste groups vs the negative and positive control (NM > PA = SAN > all other groups) or decreased HP effects (CSMH). Ra increased in all bleached groups, with the exception of NM, which did not differ from the NC. The variation in the color variables (Delta L, Delta a, and Delta b) explained 21% of the variation in the physical surface variables (Ra and SMH). Conclusion: The application of toothpaste prior to dental bleaching did not interfere with the effectiveness of treatment. The bioactive glass based toothpaste protected the enamel against the deleterious effects of dental bleaching.
Subject: Hydrogen-peroxide
Citation: Effect Of Toothpaste Application Prior To Dental Bleaching On Whitening Effectiveness And Enamel Properties. Operative Dentistry Inc, v. 41, p. E29-E38 JAN-FEB-2016.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.2341/15-042-L
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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