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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Influence Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus On Liver Histology Among Morbidly Obese Individuals. A Cross-sectional Study.
Author: Cazzo, Everton
Jimenez, Laísa Simakawa
Gallo, Fábio de Felice
Pareja, José Carlos
Chaim, Elinton Adami
Abstract: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a public health concern. It encompasses a wide spectrum of histological abnormalities and has close relationships with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study sought to compare the histological alterations observed in morbidly obese individuals with and without T2DM who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Cross-sectional study in a tertiary-level public hospital. This was a cross-sectional study on 197 individuals who underwent gastric bypass surgery between 2011 and 2013. NAFLD was assessed through liver biopsies. T2DM was diagnosed through the International Diabetes Federation criteria. Non-diabetics presented significantly more biopsies without any histological abnormalities, regarding steatosis (42.6% versus 25.5%; P = 0.0400), fibrosis (60.6% versus 36.2%; P = 0.0042) and steatohepatitis (27.3% versus 12.8%; P = 0.0495), while diabetics presented significantly higher frequency of moderate forms of steatosis (36.2% versus 20%; P = 0.0307) and fibrosis (23.4% versus 4%; P = 0.0002). T2DM was associated with more advanced forms of NAFLD within the population studied. NAFLD has previously been correlated with severe forms of heart disease. Screening for and early detecting of NAFLD in high-risk populations are important for avoiding further development of severe forms and the need for liver transplantation.
Citation: Sao Paulo Medical Journal = Revista Paulista De Medicina. v. 134, n. 1, 2016-Jan.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/1516-3180.2015.01652409
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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