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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Evaluation Of The Enzymatic Activity And Stability Of Commercial Bromelain Incorporated In Topical Formulations.
Author: Lourenço, Carolina Botelho
Ataide, Janaina Artem
Cefali, Letícia Caramori
Celia de Lencastre Novaes, Letícia
Moriel, Patrícia
Silveira, Edgar
Tambourgi, Elias Basile
Mazzola, Priscila Gava
Abstract: Bromelain is a mixture of proteolytic enzymes found in various tissues of the pineapple plant (Ananas comosus) and other species of Bromeliaceae. Owing to its proteolytic activity, bromelain has been used in the food, medical, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries, for its cell renewal, anti-aging, whitening, and anti-cellulite properties OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the stability of bromelain (commercial powder) incorporated in topical formulations METHODS: Bromelain was incorporated at three concentrations, 0.5%, 1.0%, and 2.0%, in oil-in-water emulsion and gel, and stored for six months at varying stress conditions. Stability were accessed by measuring the changes in the protein content, enzymatic activity, viscosity, rheology, pH, and color of the selected formulations RESULTS: The color of all the samples changed after 180 days of incubation, indicating the concentration-dependence and temperature-sensitive nature of these formulations. No relationship was observed between the changes in the pH, temperature, and luminosity exposure in all the samples. Gels proved to be the least preferred base for incorporation of bromelain for use as a topical formulation, owing to its inability to maintain the integrity of bromelain, thereby affecting the formulation characteristics CONCLUSION: The emulsion-based formulations at all the concentrations of bromelain were more stable than the gel-based formulation over 180 days of evaluation, at a temperature of 5°C, protected from light. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Subject: Bromelain
Enzymatic Activity
Citation: International Journal Of Cosmetic Science. , 2016-Feb.
Rights: embargo
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/ics.12308
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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