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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Association Between Hiv Infection And Bone Mineral Density In Climacteric Women.
Author: Gomes, Debora C
Valadares, Ana L R
Amaral, Eliana
Ferreira, Néville de Oliveira
Pinto-Neto, Aarão M
Baccaro, Luiz Francisco
Costa-Paiva, Lúcia
Abstract: A cross-sectional study was conducted with the purpose of evaluating bone mineral density in HIV seropositive and seronegative climacteric women. HIV infection was negatively associated with bone mineral density in the lumbar spine To assess bone mineral density (BMD) and its associated factors in HIV seropositive and seronegative climacteric women A cross-sectional study with 537 women (273 HIV seropositive and 264 HIV seronegative) aged between 40 and 60 years old receiving follow-up care at two hospitals in Brazil. A questionnaire on clinical and sociodemographic characteristics was completed. Laboratory tests were performed, and BMD was measured at the lumbar spine and hip. Statistical analysis was carried out by Yates and Pearson chi-squared tests, Mann-Whitney test, and multiple linear regression. The mean age was 47.7 years in HIV-seropositive women, and 75 % had nadir CD4 above 200, and 77.8 % had viral load below the detection limit. The mean age in the HIV-seronegative women was 49.8 years. The prevalence of low spinal BMD was 14.6 % in the HIV-seropositive and 4.6 % in the HIV-seronegative women (p < 0.01). The prevalence of low BMD at the femoral neck was 5.6 % in HIV-seropositive and 3.3 % in the HIV-seronegative women (p = 0.38). Multiple analyses showed that the factors associated with lower BMD at the spine were being postmenopausal and being HIV-seropositive. Being overweight was associated with a higher BMD. At the femoral neck, factors associated with lower BMD were being postmenopausal and being white. Being overweight and having a greater number of pregnancies were associated with higher BMD CONCLUSIONS: HIV-seropositive women on long-term antiretroviral treatment and in good immunological conditions exhibited low BMD in the spine (L1-L4). However, BMD in the femoral neck was similar to non-infected women.
Subject: Climacteric
Hiv Seropositivity
Metabolic Bone Diseases
Citation: Archives Of Osteoporosis. v. 10, p. 33, 2015.
Rights: embargo
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s11657-015-0238-z
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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