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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Factors associated with smoking in the elderly: a health survey in Sao Paulo (ISA-SP)
Author: do Amaral Zaitune, Maria Paula
de Azevedo Barros, Marilisa Berti
Lima, Margareth Guimaraes
Galvao Cesar, Chester Luiz
Carandina, Luana
Goldbaum, Moises
Goi Porto Alves, Maria Cecilia
Abstract: This article reports on smoking prevalence and associated factors in the elderly, based on a population-based cross-sectional study with multistage sampling including 1,954 individuals 60 years or older living in four areas of Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Overall smoking prevalence was 12.2%, and higher rates were associated with male gender, age 60-69 years, not belonging to an Evangelical church, lower income, low body weight, lack of leisure-time physical activity, depression/anxiety, and hypertension. There was a high prevalence of smokers among individuals with a history of stroke, cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The results point to the need for effective interventions in healthcare services to promote smoking cessation among the elderly, since many are unable to stop on their own, even when they have tobacco-related illnesses. Special attention should be paid to individuals that depend on the National Health System, since smoking prevalence is higher in underprivileged socioeconomic groups.
Subject: Aged
Morbidity Surveys
Health Promotion
Country: Brazil
Editor: Cadernos Saude Publica
Citation: Cadernos de Saude Publica. Cadernos Saude Publica, v.28, n.3, p.583-595, 2012
Rights: aberto
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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