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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Epidemiology and predictors of a poor outcome in elderly patients with candidemia
Author: Guimaraes, Thais
Nucci, Marcio
Mendonca, Joao S.
Martinez, Roberto
Brito, Ligia R.
Silva, Nivia
Moretti, Maria Luiza
Salomao, Reinaldo
Colombo, Arnaldo L.
Abstract: Background: Candidemia affects patient populations from neonates to the elderly. Despite this, little information is available about the epidemiology of candidemia in elderly patients. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of 987 episodes of candidemia in adults (>14 years of age) from the databases of three laboratory-based surveys of candidemia performed at 14 tertiary care hospitals. Patients aged >= 60 years were considered elderly (group 1, n = 455, 46%) and were compared to younger patients (group 2, n = 532, 54%) regarding demographics, underlying diseases, comorbidities, exposure to medical procedures, species, treatment, and outcome. Results: The median APACHE II score was significantly higher in the elderly patients (19 vs. 15, p = 0.03). Variables that were observed significantly more frequently in elderly patients included admission to an intensive care unit, diabetes mellitus, renal failure, cardiac disease, lung disease, receipt of antibiotics or H2 blockers, insertion of a central venous catheter, mechanical ventilation, and candidemia due to Candida tropicalis. The 30-day mortality of elderly patients was significantly higher than that of younger patients (70% vs. 45%, p < 0.001). Factors associated with higher mortality by multivariate analysis included APACHE II score and being in group 1 (elderly). Factors associated with mortality in elderly patients were lung disease and the receipt of mechanical ventilation. Conclusions: Elderly patients account for a substantial proportion of patients with candidemia and have a higher mortality compared to younger patients. (C) 2012 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Candidemia
Bloodstream infections
Editor: Elsevier
Citation: International Journal of Infectious Diseases. Elsevier, v.16, n.6, p.E442-E447, 2012
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.ijid.2012.02.005
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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