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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Cromomicose cerebral: registro de um caso
Title Alternative: Cerebral cromomycosis: a case report
Author: Queiroz, Luciano de Souza
Nucci, Anamarli
Faria, Flávio B. Lopes de
Pedro, Rogério de Jesus
Facure, Nubor O.
Abstract: A case of brain abscess and meningitis due to pigmented fungi is reported. The patient was a 59-year-old white male, who had enjoyed excellent health until October 1977, when he developed headache, later accompanied by paresthesias and weakness in the left-sided extremities. These symptoms worsened progressively and in November of that year he had to quit his job. From February 1978 on he became inactive and anorexic. Intense continuous headache was associated with frequent episodes of vomiting. He gradually became tor-porous, and according to his relatives, suffered from visual and possibly auditory deficiency. On examination, he was malnourished and dehydrated, with decubitus ulcers. Temperature was 38,5°C. A left-sided spastic hemiplegia and prominent meningorradicular signs were noted. The CSF was examined six times between May 17th and June 1st and showed variable hypercytosis (143 to 4,437 leucocytes/ cu mm) with predominance of neutrophils (up tp 95%), low glucose and high protein concentrations. No microorganisms were identified. Electroencephalographic study disclosed a low background activity especially in left temporal areas. Despite supportive care and antibiotic therapy he lapsed into coma. Carotid angiography was normal on June 1st. He remained in deep coma until his death on June 6th, 1978. Necropsy was limited to the brain, which weighed 1,550 g after fixation and showed diffuse intense edema and hyperemia. On coronal sectioning an encapsulated abscess was found in the right basal ganglia, which also involved the internal capsule, and measured 1.5 cm in diameter. Microscopical examination disclosed large numbers of brownish fungi, appearing both as oval yeasts and as septate hyphae in the thick fibrous capsule and in the necrotic content of the abscess. The same organisms were demonstrated in moderate numbers in the leptomeninges of the medulla oblongata and , less frequently, of the hippo-campal region and cerebellum.
As lesões cerebrais por fungos pigmentados são excepcionais. Os autores apresentam um caso de cromomicose do sistema nervoso central, em paciente de 59 anos. O quadro clínico iniciou-se por cefaléias e hemiparesia esquerda, seguida por meningite e síndrome de hipertensão intracraniana, totalizando uma evolução de nove meses. A neerópsia revelou abcesso encapsulado nos núcleos basais à direita e leptomeningite crônica de predomínio na base do encéfalo. Em ambas as localizações foram demonstrados numerosos fungos de cor castanha, em forma arredondada ou em hifas septadas. Discutem-se as dificuldades diagnosticas desta neuromicose.
Editor: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Citation: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria. Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO, v. 37, n. 3, p. 303-310, 1979.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X1979000300009
Date Issue: 1-Sep-1979
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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