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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: The Potential Of Extracts Of Caryocar Villosum Pulp To Scavenge Reactive Oxygen And Nitrogen Species.
Author: Chisté, Renan Campos
Freitas, Marisa
Mercadante, Adriana Zerlotti
Fernandes, Eduarda
Abstract: Caryocar villosum (piquiá) is a native fruit from the Amazonian region, considered to be an interesting source of bioactive compounds. In this paper, five extracts of C. villosum pulp were obtained, using solvents with different polarities and their in vitro scavenging capacity against reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) was determined. Additionally, the phenolic compounds and carotenoids in each extract were identified and quantified by a high performance liquid chromatography coupled to diode array and mass spectrometer detectors (HPLC-DAD-MS/MS). The ethanol/water and water extracts, which presented the highest phenolic contents (5163 and 1745μg/g extract, respectively), with ellagic acid as the major phenolic compound, proved to have the highest ROS and RNS scavenging potential. Nevertheless, in general, ellagic acid was less effective in scavenging ROS (IC(50) from 1.7 to 108μg/ml) and RNS (IC(50) from 0.05 to 0.59μg/ml), when compared to gallic acid (IC(50) from 0.4 to 226μg/ml for ROS and IC(50) from 0.04 to 0.12μg/ml for RNS). The results obtained in the present study clearly demonstrated that the in vitro antioxidant efficiency of C. villosum extracts was closely related to their contents of phenolic compounds.
Subject: Free Radical Scavengers
Plant Extracts
Reactive Nitrogen Species
Reactive Oxygen Species
Citation: Food Chemistry. v. 135, n. 3, p. 1740-9, 2012-Dec.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.06.027
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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