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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Blunt Hepatic Trauma: Comparison Between Surgical And Nonoperative Treatment.
Author: Zago, Thiago Messias
Pereira, Bruno Monteiro
Calderan, Thiago Rodrigues Araujo
Hirano, Elcio Shiyoiti
Rizoli, Sandro
Fraga, Gustavo Pereira
Abstract: To examine the outcomes of blunt hepatic trauma, and compare surgical and non-surgical treatment in patients admitted with hemodynamic stability and with no obvious indications of laparotomy. This is a retrospective study of cases admitted to a university teaching hospital between the years 2000 and 2010. Patients undergoing surgical treatment were divided into two groups: (a) all patients undergoing surgical treatment, and (b) patients with obvious need for surgery. In this period, 120 patients were admitted with blunt hepatic trauma. Sixty five patients (54.1%) were treated non-operatively and fifty five patients were operated upon. Patients treated non-operatively had better physiologic conditions on admission, demonstrated less severe injuries (except the grade of hepatic injury), received less blood components and had lower morbidity and mortality than the patients operated upon. Patients who underwent non-operative treatment had a lower need for blood transfusion but higher rates of complications and mortality than the patients operated upon. Patients who were operated upon, with no obvious indications for surgery, had higher rates of complication and mortality than patients not operated upon. A non-operative approach resulted in lower complications, a lower need for blood transfusions and lower mortality.
Subject: Adult
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
Wounds, Nonpenetrating
Citation: Revista Do Colégio Brasileiro De Cirurgiões. v. 39, n. 4, p. 307-13
Rights: aberto
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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