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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Autophagy Inhibited Ehrlich Ascitic Tumor Cells Apoptosis Induced By The Nitrostyrene Derivative Compounds: Relationship With Cytosolic Calcium Mobilization.
Author: Calgarotto, Andrana K
da Silva Pereira, Gustavo J
Bechara, Alexandre
Paredes-Gamero, Edgar J
Barbosa, Christiano M V
Hirata, Hanako
de Souza Queiroz, Mary L
Smaili, Soraya S
Bincoletto, Claudia
Abstract: Apoptosis induction is often associated with increased autophagy, indicating interplay between these two important cellular events in cell death and survival. In this study, the programmed cell death and autophagy induced by two nitrostyrene derivative compounds (NTS1 and NTS2) was studied using the tumorigenic Ehrlich ascitic tumor (EAT) cells. EAT cells were highly sensitive to NTS1 and NTS2 cytotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner. NTS1 and NTS2 IC(50) was less than 15.0μM post 12h incubation. Apoptosis was primarily induced by both compounds, as demonstrated by an increase in Annexin-V positive cells, concurrently with cytochrome c release from mitochondria to cytosol and caspase-3 activation. Although cytosolic Ca(2+) mobilization is involved in autophagy as well as apoptosis in response to cellular stress in many cancer cell types, from the two nitrostyrene derivative compounds studied, mainly NTS1 mobilized this ion and disparate autophagy in EAT cells. These results suggest that EAT induced cell death by NTS1 and NTS2 involved a Ca(2+)-dependent and a Ca(2+)-independent pathways, respectively. In accordance with these results, the treatment of EAT cells with 3 methyladenine (3-MA), an autophagy inhibitor; significantly increased the number of apoptotic cells after NTS1 treatment, suggesting that pharmacological modulation of autophagy augments the NTS1 efficacy. Thus, we denote the importance of studies involving autophagy and apoptosis during pre-clinical studies of new drugs with anticancer properties.
Subject: Adenine
Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
Carcinoma, Ehrlich Tumor
Caspase 3
Cell Line, Tumor
Cytochromes C
Dose-response Relationship, Drug
Enzyme Inhibitors
Nitro Compounds
Citation: European Journal Of Pharmacology. v. 678, n. 1-3, p. 6-14, 2012-Mar.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2011.12.031
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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