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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Osteopontin, A Chemotactic Protein With Cytokine-like Properties, Is Up-regulated In Muscle Injury Caused By Bothrops Lanceolatus (fer-de-lance) Snake Venom.
Author: Barbosa-Souza, Valéria
Contin, Daniel Kiss
Filho, Waldemar Bonventi
de Araújo, Albetiza Lôbo
Irazusta, Silvia Pierre
da Cruz-Höfling, Maria Alice
Abstract: Osteopontin (OPN) is a chemotactic, adhesive protein whose receptors include some integrins and matrix proteins known to have role in inflammatory and repair processes. We examined the time course of OPN expression at acute and chronic stages after intramuscular injection of Bothrops lanceolatus venom in rats. Additionally, we examined the expression of CD68 (a marker for phagocytic macrophages) and the myogenic factors, myoD and myogenin. There was a biphasic upregulation of OPN (6-48 h and 3-14 days post-venom), i.e., during acute inflammation and myogenic cell proliferation and differentiation phases. OPN was detected in CD68 + macrophages, fibroblasts, normal and damaged myofibers, myoblasts and myotubes. Myogenin was expressed in the cytoplasm (atypical pattern) and nucleus of myoblasts and myotubes from 18 h to 7 days, after which it was expressed only in nuclei. Macrophage numbers, OPN and myogenin expression were still elevated at 7, 14 and 7 days. At 3 days, when OPN achieved the peak, some clusters of myoblasts were within regions of intense collagen deposition. Fibrosis may represent limitation for repairing processes and may explain the small diameter of regenerated fibers at 21 days post-venom. The expression of OPN in the course of venom-induced damage and regeneration suggests stages-specific mediation role along the whole process.
Subject: Animals
Antigens, Cd
Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic
Cell Proliferation
Crotalid Venoms
Rats, Wistar
Citation: Toxicon : Official Journal Of The International Society On Toxinology. v. 58, n. 5, p. 398-409, 2011-Oct.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2011.07.011
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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