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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Gender Differences In Suicide Attempts: Preliminary Results Of The Multisite Intervention Study On Suicidal Behavior (supre-miss) From Campinas, Brazil.
Author: Stefanello, Sabrina
Cais, Carlos Filinto da Silva
Mauro, Marisa Lúcia Fabrício
Freitas, Gisleine Vaz Scavacini de
Botega, Neury José
Abstract: To identify sociodemographic, psychosocial and clinical differences between men and women who attempted suicide and were seen at a university general hospital. This is a non-controlled cross-sectional study, sub-project of the Multisite Intervention Study on Suicidal Behavior by the World Health Organization. A standardized interview that comprised psychometric scales was used. The comparison between genders was made by means of uni and multivariate logistic regression. 210 subjects (68.1% women) participated. Women had worse scores on the WHO Well-Being Index (p = 0.005), the Beck Depression Inventory (p = 0.01) and the Psychiatric Disability Assessment Schedule (p = 0.03). In the multivariate logistic regression, men presented more mental disorders due to alcohol and drug use (26.1% vs 7%, p = 0.02) and used alcohol at the suicide attempt more frequently (28.3% vs 16%, p = 0.03). Men reported that most of the time they had been feeling active and vigorous (50% vs 22%, p < 0.001). Women had had more physical and sexual abuse (27% vs 8.7%, p = 0.01). There are some distinctive characteristics between men and women who attempt suicide. Such differences may also be present in the general population and suggest there is a need for further studies, as well as the adoption of different strategies in suicide prevention for men and women.
Subject: Adult
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Cross-sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Mental Disorders
Multicenter Studies As Topic
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Sex Distribution
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Suicide, Attempted
Citation: Revista Brasileira De Psiquiatria (são Paulo, Brazil : 1999). v. 30, n. 2, p. 139-43, 2008-Jun.
Rights: aberto
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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