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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: [factors Associated With Lack Of Mammograms And Clinical Breast Examination By Women: A Population-based Study In Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil].
Author: Amorim, Vivian Mae Schmidt Lima
Barros, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo
César, Chester Luiz Galvão
Carandina, Luana
Goldbaum, Moisés
Abstract: This study analyzes the prevalence of mammograms and clinical breast examination according to socioeconomic, demographic, and health-related behavioral variables in women 40 years or older in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil. This was a cross-sectional population-based study (N = 290). Based on multivariate analysis, factors associated with not having a mammogram in the previous two years were: age (> or = 70 years), race/ethnicity (black or mixed-race), and low per capita family income. Lack of clinical breast examination in the previous year was associated with: marital status (single/widow/without partner) and low income. The Unified National Health System (SUS) performed 28.8% of reported mammograms and 38.2% of clinical breast examinations. According to the findings, lack of breast cancer screening is associated with social and racial inequity, and reduction in breast cancer mortality requires early detection of the disease, which in turn demands that health care facilities implement strategies to expand coverage of preventive practices, especially for more vulnerable social groups.
Subject: Adult
Breast Neoplasms
Cross-sectional Studies
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Services Accessibility
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Physical Examination
Poisson Distribution
Regression Analysis
Socioeconomic Factors
Urban Population
Citation: Cadernos De Saúde Pública. v. 24, n. 11, p. 2623-32, 2008-Nov.
Rights: aberto
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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