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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Problem-solving Capacity For Vitreoretinal Diseases In A University Health Center.
Author: Limeira-Soares, Paulo Henrique
Lira, Rodrigo Pessoa Cavalcanti
Lupinacci, Alvaro
Paccola, Marcelo
Inoue, Lílian
Kara-José, Newton
Arieta, Carlos Eduardo Leite
Abstract: To evaluate the effectiveness of the tertiary care delivered to patients with vitreoretinal diseases in a defined urban population; to substantiate the planning and allocation of resources in order to improve the tertiary eye care delivery system in a specific area. Data were collected from consecutive first-time patients between June 1, 2003 and July 31, 2004 in the Department of Ophthalmology, State University of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. Problem-solving capacity values were calculated for vitreoretinal surgery and photocoagulation. Data were entered into the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (version 10.0). Of the 7500 patients referred to the Department, 641 were deemed suitable for analysis. The diagnoses analyzed were retinal detachment (26.0%), diabetic retinopathy (21.0%), and vitreous hemorrhage (7.7%). The median ages were 52, 59 and 57.5, respectively. Of all patients referred for retinal detachment, 26.5% were inoperable. The values obtained for the problem-solving capacity (PSC) showed that 38.1%, 33.0% and 93.5% of those eligible for an ophthalmic intervention (for retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage and diabetic retinopathy) had obtained treatment. The main reason for not giving treatment was the unavailability of operating room time and photocoagulation time (87.1%). This was the first study of tertiary eye care service performance in Latin America. Sight-threatening conditions such as retinal detachment and diabetic retinopathy are not thoroughly covered by the health system in this area. Various ways to reduce the problem are considered. The study has provided valuable information on planning high-complexity eye services in the population in question.
Subject: Academic Medical Centers
Delivery Of Health Care
Developing Countries
Diabetic Retinopathy
Health Services Accessibility
Laser Coagulation
Middle Aged
Resource Allocation
Retinal Detachment
Vitreous Hemorrhage
Citation: Ophthalmic Epidemiology. v. 13, n. 5, p. 321-6, 2006-Oct.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1080/09286580600826645
Date Issue: 2006
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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