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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Biological Activities Of A Lectin From Bothrops Jararacussu Snake Venom.
Author: Panunto, Patrícia C
da Silva, Maura A
Linardi, Alessandra
Buzin, Marta P
Melo, Silvia E S F C
Mello, Sueli M
Prado-Franceschi, Julia
Hyslop, Stephen
Abstract: Snake venoms contain saccharide-binding lectins. In this work, we examined the biological activities of a lectin (BjcuL) purified from Bothrops jararacussu snake venom by chromatography on non-derivatized Sepharose 4B and Sephacryl S-200 HR. The protein, a homodimer with subunits of 14.5 kDa, gave a single immunoprecipitin line in immunoelectrophoresis and cross-reacted in ELISA with antivenoms raised against Bothrops spp. (lanceheads), Micrurus spp. (coral snakes), Crotalus durissus terrificus (South American rattlesnake), and arthropod (Loxosceles gaucho, Phoneutria nigriventer and Tityus serrulatus) venoms. BjcuL agglutinated human formaldehyde-fixed erythrocytes at > or = 100 ng/ml and was inhibited by lactose and EDTA (> or = 2 mM) and high concentrations (> 100 mM) of glucose and sucrose, but not by N-acetylglucosamine. BjcuL had no direct hemolytic activity and was devoid of esterase, PLA2 and proteolytic activities. The lectin (up to 200 microg/ml) did not aggregate human platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or washed platelets (WP), nor did it alter the aggregation induced by ADP in PRP or by thrombin in WP. When injected into mouse hind paws, BjcuL (10-100 microg/paw) caused edema and increased vascular permeability, with a maximum effect after 1h that persisted for up to 6 h (edema) or gradually decreased after the peak interval (vascular permeability). No hemorrhage was observed in BjcuL-injected paws. In anesthetized rats, B. jararacussu venom (200 microg/kg, i.v.) produced sustained hypotension (maximum decrease of approximately 60%) whereas a similar dose of BjcuL decreased the blood pressure by approximately 15%, with a rapid return to the resting level.
Subject: Animals
Blood Platelets
Blood Pressure
Blood Vessels
Capillary Permeability
Dose-response Relationship, Drug
Molecular Weight
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Snake Venoms
Citation: Toxicon : Official Journal Of The International Society On Toxinology. v. 47, n. 1, p. 21-31, 2006-Jan.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2005.08.012
Date Issue: 2006
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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