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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Uncontrolled Hypertension, Uncompensated Type Ii Diabetes, And Smoking Have Different Patterns Of Vascular Dysfunction.
Author: Yugar-Toledo, Juan Carlos
Tanus-Santos, Jose Eduardo
Sabha, Maricene
Sousa, Márcio Gonçalves
Cittadino, Máira
Tácito, Lúcia Helena Buonalumi
Moreno, Heitor
Abstract: We evaluated the vascular reactivity in healthy subjects, heavy smokers, uncompensated type II diabetics, and patients with uncontrolled essential hypertension. Plasma nitrite/nitrate, cyclic 3',5'-guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), and thromboxane (TX)-B(2) levels were measured. One hundred participants were classified into four groups: normal control subjects (n = 25), heavy smokers (n = 25), uncompensated type II diabetics (n = 25), and patients with uncontrolled essential hypertension (n = 25). The brachial artery diameter was measured by a high-resolution ultrasound technique before and after reactive hyperemia and glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), 0.4 mg, administration. Plasma nitrite/nitrate, cGMP, and TX-B(2) levels were also measured. Heavy smokers, uncompensated type II diabetics, and uncontrolled hypertensive patients showed impaired endothelium-dependent, nitric oxide (NO) flow-mediated vasodilatation (8.0 +/- 2.5%, 5.8 +/- 2.7%, and 7.2 +/- 3.3%, respectively [mean +/- SD]) when compared to the control subjects (12.6 +/- 3.6%; p < 0.01). Smokers had a normal endothelium-independent function induced by NO donor (GTN) [25.0 +/- 7.3% vs 25.3 +/- 8.5% for control subjects]. Uncompensated type II diabetics and patients with uncontrolled hypertension had impaired endothelium-independent responses (17.7 +/- 7.1% and 16.8 +/- 6.9%, respectively, vs 25.3 +/- 8.5 for normal control subjects; p < 0.05). Plasma levels of cGMP and TX-B(2) were not significantly different in the four groups, but nitrite/nitrate concentrations were increased in diabetics compared to the control subjects (266 +/- 47 micro mol/L vs 98 +/- 18 micro mol/L, p < 0.05). Both uncontrolled hypertension and type II diabetes mellitus, but not smoking, are associated with impaired vascular smooth-muscle reactivity induced by NO donors. However, only uncompensated type II diabetics showed an increase in plasma nitrite/nitrate levels, suggesting an association with excessive production and/or inactivation of NO.
Subject: Adult
Blood Flow Velocity
Cyclic Gmp
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Endothelium, Vascular
Middle Aged
Nitric Oxide
Thromboxane B2
Vasodilator Agents
Citation: Chest. v. 125, n. 3, p. 823-30, 2004-Mar.
Rights: fechado
Date Issue: 2004
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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