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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Snakebites By Bothrops Spp In Children In Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.
Author: Bucaretchi, F
Herrera, S R
Hyslop, S
Baracat, E C
Vieira, R J
Abstract: From January, 1984 to March, 1999, 73 children under 15 y old (ages 1-14 y, median 9 y) were admitted after being bitten by snakes of the genus Bothrops. Twenty-six percent of the children were classified as mild envenoming, 50.7% as moderate envenoming and 20.6% as severe envenoming. Two patients (2.7%) showed no signs of envenoming. Most of the patients presented local manifestations, mainly edema (94.5%), pain (94.5%) ecchymosis (73.9%) and blisters (11%). Local and/or systemic bleeding was observed in 28.8% of the patients. Before antivenom (AV) administration, blood coagulation disorders were observed in 60.7% (incoagulable blood in 39.3%) of the 56 children that received AV only in our hospital. AV early reactions, most of which were considered mild, were observed in 44.6% of these cases (in 15/30 patients not pretreated and in 10/26 patients pretreated with hydrocortisone and histamine H1 and H2 antagonists). The main clinical complications observed were local infection (15.1%), compartment syndrome (4.1%), gangrene (1.4%) and acute renal failure (1.4%). No deaths were recorded. There were no significant differences with regard to severity of envenoming versus the frequency of blood coagulation disorders among the three categories of envenoming (p = 0.75) or in the frequency of patients with AV early reactions between the groups that were and were not pretreated (p = 0.55). The frequency of local infection was significantly greater in severe cases (p < 0.001). Patients admitted more than 6 h after the bite had a higher risk of developing severe envenoming (p = 0.04).
Subject: Adolescent
Child, Preschool
Crotalid Venoms
Prospective Studies
Snake Bites
Time Factors
Citation: Revista Do Instituto De Medicina Tropical De São Paulo. v. 43, n. 6, p. 329-33
Rights: aberto
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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