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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Leucocyte Recruitment Induced By Type Ii Phospholipases A(2) Into The Rat Pleural Cavity.
Author: de Castro, R C
Landucci, E C
Toyama, M H
Giglio, J R
Marangoni, S
De Nucci, G
Antunes, E
Abstract: Bothropstoxin-I (BthTX-I) and bothropstoxin-II (BthTX-II) are Lys-49 and Asp-49 phospholipases A(2) (PLA(2)s), respectively, isolated from Bothrops jararacussu venom. Piratoxin-I (PrTX-I) is a Lys-49 PLA(2) isolated from Bothrops pirajai venom. In this study, the ability of BthTX-I, BthTX-II and PrTX-I to recruit leucocytes into the rat pleural cavity and potential mechanisms underlying this effect were investigated. Intrapleural injection of either BthTX-I or PrTX-I (10-100 microg/cavity each) caused a significant leucocyte infiltration at 12 h after injection. The maximal cell migration was observed with the dose of 30 microg/cavity (14.9+/-15.5 and 17.6+/-1. 6x10(6) cells/cavity, respectively). Leucocyte counts consisted mainly of mononuclear cells, but significant amounts of neutrophils and eosinophils were also observed. Intrapleural injection of BthTX-II (10-100 microg/cavity) caused a marked leucocyte infiltration at 6 and 12 h after injection. The maximal response was observed with the dose of 100 microg/cavity (57.3+/-3.4x10(6) cells/cavity, 6 h). The leucocyte counts were mainly composed of neutrophils and mononuclear cells. The treatment of either BthTX-I (30 microg/cavity, 12 h) or BthTX-II (30 microg/cavity, 6 h) with the PLA(2) inhibitor p-bromophenacyl bromide (p-BPB) had no effect on the total and differential leucocyte counts induced by these proteins. The same treatment partially reduced the PrTX-I-induced pleural leucocyte infiltration. In rats depleted of the histamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) stores by chronic treatment with compound 48/80, the total leucocyte counts in response to BthTX-I, BthTX-II and PrTX-I was not significantly affected compared to control animals. In addition, BthTX-I, BthTX-II and PrTX-I (100 microg/ml each) significantly degranulated pleural mast cells in vitro leading to the release of [(14)C]5-hydroxytryptamine ([(14)C]5-HT). p-BPB and heparin (50 IU/ml) significantly reduced the [(14)C]5-HT release induced by these PLA(2)s. Our results demonstrate that BthTX-I, BthTX-II and PrTX-I recruit leucocyte into the pleural cavity of the rat by mechanisms unrelated to enzymatic activity and pleural mast cell degranulation.
Subject: Acetophenones
Cell Degranulation
Chemotaxis, Leukocyte
Crotalid Venoms
Group Ii Phospholipases A2
Leukocyte Count
Mast Cells
Phospholipases A
Rats, Wistar
Reptilian Proteins
Citation: Toxicon : Official Journal Of The International Society On Toxinology. v. 38, n. 12, p. 1773-85, 2000-Dec.
Rights: fechado
Date Issue: 2000
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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