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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Alterations In Mitochondrial Ca2+ Flux By The Antibiotic X-537a (lasalocid-a).
Author: Antonio, R V
da Silva, L P
Vercesi, A E
Abstract: A previous communication (Pereira da Silva, L., Bernardes, C.F. and Vercesi, A.E. (1984) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 124, 80-86) presented evidence that lasalocid-A, at concentrations far below those required to act as a Ca2+ ionophore, significantly inhibits Ca2+ efflux from liver mitochondria. In the present work we have studied the mechanism of this inhibition in liver and heart mitochondria. It was observed that lasalocid-A (25-250 nM), like nigericin, promotes the electroneutral exchange of K+ for H+ across the inner mitochondrial membrane and as a consequence can cause significant alterations in delta pH and delta psi. An indirect effect of these changes that might lead to inhibition of mitochondrial Ca2+ release was ruled out by experiments showing that the three observed patterns of lasalocid-A effect depend on the size of the mitochondrial Ca2+ load. At low Ca2+ loads (5-70 nmol Ca2+/mg protein), under experimental conditions in which Ca2+ release is supposed to be mediated by a Ca2+/2H+ antiporter, the kinetic data indicate that lasalocid-A inhibits the efflux of the cation by a competitive mechanism. The Ca2+/2Na+ antiporter, the dominant pathway for Ca2+ efflux from heart mitochondria, is not affected by lasalocid-A. At intermediate Ca2+ loads (70-110 nmol Ca2+/mg protein), lasalocid-A slightly stimulates Ca2+ release. This effect appears to be due to an increase in membrane permeability caused by the displacement of a pool of membrane bound Mg2+ possibly involved in the maintenance of membrane structure. Finally, at high Ca2+ loads (110-140 nmol Ca2+/mg protein) lasalocid-A enhances Ca2+ retention by liver mitochondria even in the presence of Ca2(+)-releasing agents such as phosphate and oxidants of the mitochondrial pyridine nucleotides. The maintenance of a high membrane potential under these conditions may indicate that lasalocid-A is a potent inhibitor of the Ca2(+)-induced membrane permeabilization. Nigericin, whose chemical structure resembles that of lasalocid-A, caused similar results.
Subject: Acetates
Biological Transport
Hydrogen-ion Concentration
In Vitro Techniques
Membrane Potentials
Mitochondria, Heart
Mitochondria, Liver
Mitochondrial Swelling
Rats, Inbred Strains
Ruthenium Red
Citation: Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta. v. 1056, n. 3, p. 250-8, 1991-Feb.
Rights: fechado
Date Issue: 1991
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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