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|Title:||Lipopolysaccharide treatment reduces rat platelet aggregation independent of intracellular reactive-oxygen species generation|
|Author:||Elisa Lopes-Pires, M.|
Casarin, Andre L.
Pereira-Cunha, Fernanda G.
|Abstract:||High production of reactive-oxygen species (ROS) by blood cells is involved in damage of the vascular endothelium and multiple organ dysfunction in sepsis. However, little is known about the intraplatelet ROS production in sepsis and its consequences on platelet reactivity. In this study, we evaluated whether the treatment of rats with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) affects platelet aggregation through intraplatelet ROS generation. Rats were injected with LPS (1 mg/kg, i.p.), and at 2 to 72 h thereafter, adenosine diphosphate (ADP) (3-10 mu M) induced platelet aggregation was evaluated. Production of ROS in platelets was measured by flow cytometry using 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA). Treatment of rats with LPS time-dependently inhibited ADP-induced platelet aggregation within 72 h. The inhibitory effect of LPS on platelet aggregation was further increased when the platelets were incubated with polyethylene glycol-superoxide dismutase (PEG-SOD; 30 U/mL), polyethylene glycol-catalase (PEG-CAT; 1000 U/mL) or the NADPH oxidase inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium (DPI; 10 mu M). The ROS production in non-stimulated platelets did not differ between control and LPS-treated rats. However, in ADP-activated platelets, generation of ROS was increased by 3.0- and 7.0-fold, as evaluated at 8 and 48 h after LPS injection, respectively. This increased ROS production was significantly reduced when platelets were incubated in vitro with DPI, PEG-SOD or PEG-CAT. In contrast, treatment of rats with N-acetylcysteine (150 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly reduced the inhibitory effect of LPS on platelet aggregation, and prevented the increased ROS production by in vivo LPS. Our results indicate that the increased intraplatelet ROS production does not contribute to the inhibitory effect of LPS on platelet aggregation; however, the maintenance of redox balance in LPS-treated rats is fundamental to restore the normal platelet response in these animals|
|Editor:||Taylor & Francis|
|Citation:||Platelets. Informa Healthcare, v.23, n.3, p.195-201, 2012|
|Appears in Collections:||FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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